Assistant Professor Laurie Graham and colleagues have a new paper published in PLOS ONE that explores racial/ethnic- and sex-based disparities in potential years of life lost (PYLL) due to intimate partner violence (IPV). Using data from the National Violent Death Reporting System, Graham and team found that almost 290,000 years of potential life were lost by intimate partner and corollary victims (e.g., loved ones, children, or acquaintances of partners in an abusive relationship) as a result of IPV in 16 U.S. states from 2006-2015. Most corollary victims were male (76%), and most partner victims were female (59%). Female corollary victims died 3.6 years earlier than male corollary victims, and female intimate partners died 5.1 years earlier than male partners. Racial/ethnic minorities died nine or more years earlier than their White counterparts. Findings demonstrate that IPV-related fatalities exact a high societal cost, and that the cost is disproportionately high among racial/ethnic minority communities. Potential implications of these findings for research and practice are discussed. More details can be found at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0246477.
Citation: Graham, L. M., Ranapurwala, S. I., Zimmer, C., Macy, R. J., Rizo, C. F., Lanier, P. L., & Martin, S. L. (2021). Disparities in potential years of life lost due to intimate partner violence: Data from 16 states for 2006–2015. PLOS ONE, 16(2): e0246477. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0246477