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Wimberly, Ware, Bazell Published in Community Mental Health Journal

Assistant Professor Alexandra Wimberly, PhD Student Orrin Ware, MSW student Alicia Bazell and Erica Sibinga (JHU) had their co-authored article "Stress Among a Sample of Returning Citizens Living with HIV and Substance Use Disorder: A Mixed Methods Analysis" published in Community Mental Health Journal.


This mixed-methods study asks: among a sample of returning citizens living with HIV and substance use disorder, how is stress experienced; and what are the leading stressors and stress-coping strategies? Data is from a parent study that randomized 36 people to a yoga intervention and 36 people to treatment as usual. Qualitative analysis found that securing basic life needs was more acute in early reentry, and challenges with HIV acceptance were greater among those with a more recent HIV diagnosis. Social support was the most widely employed coping strategy but many lacked social networks. Post-program, multiple regression found older age(β = − 0.38, p < .05), greater income(β = − 0.002, p < .01), shorter incarceration(β = .03, p < .01) and randomization to yoga(β = 6.92, p < .01) predicted lower levels of stress. Results indicate that reentry needs for people living with HIV and substance use disorder include basic life needs, social supports, and stress-coping interventions that address physical and mental stress symptoms (such as yoga).

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