PhD Student Sally Hagerman and Associate Professor John Cagle have new researched published in the Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life & Palliative Care. The article is titled "Challenges of Dealing with Financial Concerns during Life-Threatening Illness: Perspectives of Health Care Practitioners."
The costs of serious medical illness and end of life care are often a heavy burden for patients and families. Twenty-six practitioners, including social workers, managers/administrators, supervisors, and case managers from five health care settings, participated in qualitative semistructured interviews about financial challenges patients encountered. Seven practitioners took part in a focus group. Practitioners were recruited from hospice (n = 5), long-term care (n = 5), intensive care (n = 5), dialysis (n = 6), and oncology (n = 5). Interview and focus group questions focused on financial challenges patients encountered when facing life-threatening illness. Interview data were transcribed and thematically coded and trustworthiness of data was established with peer debriefing, member checking, and agreement on themes among the authors. Practitioners described interacting micro, meso, and macroinfluences on the financial well-being and challenges patients encountered. Microlevel influences involved patient characteristics, such as their demographic profile and/or health status that set them up for financial aptitude or challenges. Macrolevel influences involved the larger health care/safety net system, which provided valuable resources for some patients but not others. Practitioners also discussed the mesolevel of influence, the local setting where they worked to match available resources with patients’ individual needs given the constraints emerging from the micro and macrolevels. Practitioners described how they navigated the interplay of these three areas to meet patients’ needs and cope with financial challenges. Implications for practice point to directly addressing the kind of financial concerns that patients and families facing financial burden from serious medical illness have, and identifying ways to bridge knowledge and resource access gaps at the individual, organizational, and societal levels.
This project was funded by a University of Maryland, Baltimore Pilot & Exploratory Interdisciplinary Research (IDR) Grant. This project was further supported by the Financial Social Work Initiative, School of Social Work, University of Maryland, Baltimore (http://www.ssw.umaryland.edu/fsw/). Dr. John Cagle’s effort was supported in part by the National Palliative Care Research Center.